Vue的生命周期

每个 Vue 实例在被创建时都要经过一系列的初始化过程——例如,需要设置数据监听、编译模板、将实例挂载到 DOM 并在数据变化时更新 DOM 等。同时在这个过程中也会运行一些叫做生命周期钩子的函数,这给了用户在不同阶段添加自己的代码的机会。

官网链接:https://cn.vuejs.org/v2/api/#选项-生命周期钩子

生命周期图示

生命周期图示

Demo

用一个demo来展示vue的生命周期

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
<title>vue生命周期</title>
<script src="../js/vue.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div id="app">
<h1>{{message}}</h1>
</div>
</body>
<script>
const vm = new Vue({
el: '#app',
data: {
message: 'Vue的生命周期'
},
beforeCreate: function() {
console.group('------beforeCreate创建前状态------');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red" , "el : " + this.$el); //undefined
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","data : " + this.$data); //undefined
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","message: " + this.message)
},
created: function() {
console.group('------created创建完毕状态------');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","el : " + this.$el); //undefined
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","data : " + this.$data); //已被初始化
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","message: " + this.message); //已被初始化
},
beforeMount: function() {
console.group('------beforeMount挂载前状态------');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","el : " + (this.$el)); //已被初始化
console.log(this.$el);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","data : " + this.$data); //已被初始化
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","message: " + this.message); //已被初始化
},
mounted: function() {
console.group('------mounted 挂载结束状态------');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","el : " + this.$el); //已被初始化
console.log(this.$el);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","data : " + this.$data); //已被初始化
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","message: " + this.message); //已被初始化
},
beforeUpdate: function () {
console.group('beforeUpdate 更新前状态===============》');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","el : " + this.$el);
console.log(this.$el);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","data : " + this.$data);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","message: " + this.message);
},
updated: function () {
console.group('updated 更新完成状态===============》');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","el : " + this.$el);
console.log(this.$el);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","data : " + this.$data);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","message: " + this.message);
},
beforeDestroy: function () {
console.group('beforeDestroy 销毁前状态===============》');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","el : " + this.$el);
console.log(this.$el);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","data : " + this.$data);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","message: " + this.message);
},
destroyed: function () {
console.group('destroyed 销毁完成状态===============》');
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","el : " + this.$el);
console.log(this.$el);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","data : " + this.$data);
console.log("%c%s", "color:red","message: " + this.message)
}
})
</script>
</html>

运行网页,可看到效果:

image-20210726191937163

可以看到一个vue实例在创建过程中调用的几个生命周期钩子。

小结

生命周期:事物从诞生到消亡的整个过程。

Vue的生命周期:生命周期

目前只需要通过案例体验一下vue生命周期函数的调用过程就行,具体原理以后再深入理解。